LFT’s Mental Health, Hygiene and Nutrition Campaigns Kabul, Afghanistan
Important topics of hygiene and nutrition awareness campaign in Dasht-Barchi, Kabul, Afghanistan
LFT’s local team who are comprising of experienced professionals are conducting several hygiene, nutrition and social awareness campaign for the mostly impoverished and marginalized people of Kabul. This campaign which will be conducted periodically, for several months, focused on the holy month of Ramadan in which the people need to take care of their hygiene, nutrition well, and they need to be mentally fix and safe too. Through this campaigns, the people will learn the importance of hygiene and they will become increasingly aware of the importance of maintaining proper hygiene, taking care of their nutrition, using the nutritionally balanced food, clean vegetables and most carbohydrate foods and beverages in their daily lives. The individuals will be educated to take measures to ensure that they are properly cleaning their fresh vegetables, washing their hands thoroughly, and keeping their surroundings clean. By doing so, they are not only safeguarding their health but also contributing towards a healthier and safer community. Through this campaign, participants will be instructed in two vital subjects (hygiene and nutrition) that are essential for maintaining healthy personal and social life.
These topics include a comprehensive definition of hygiene and the importance of proper personal, environmental, nutritional, and social hygiene.
- The hygiene awareness topics are including a detailed guidance on:
- Types of hygiene
- personal hygiene, emphasizing the importance of proper hand-washing, regular bathing, nail trimming, clean clothing and accessories, and regular tooth brushing.
- Environmental hygiene, including keeping the home, kitchen, and surrounding areas free from hazards, practising proper toilet hygiene, and maintaining a safe and clean environment.
- Nutritional hygiene has been a key focus, with participants receiving instruction on washing dishes thoroughly, washing hands before cooking, cleaning fruits and vegetables before cooking and using clean water for cooking.
- Social hygiene, including the importance of wearing masks while sick, avoiding contact with others, refraining from touching animals and avoiding feeding others while sick, particularly educating their children as they lack access to regular school or even the [Madrasa] and most play on the streets.
- Principles of hygiene
- Climate: avoiding polluted air.
- Food and beverages: incorporating different types of vegetables, foods, and beverages. Drinking more water during the hot season.
- Movement and self-possession: always moving their bodies, working physically, exercising, and walking.
- Sleep and awaken: sleeping for at least 6 to 8 hours in 24 hours.
- Emotionality: Avoid overthinking and practising yoga during stressful situations. Using deep breathing techniques to release negativity and stress.
- Vomiting and conservation: drinking more water during the hot season and in case of diarrhoea, using seasonal food and beverages, and avoiding any awkward food or beverages.
This programme will provide the participants with a comprehensive understanding of proper nutrition and the importance of hygienic food for their health. Through this programme the participants will practice and will be educated about consuming proper and nutritionally well-balanced food in their daily consumptions. Through this programme the participants will be equipped with the knowledge of different types of food and diets according to their body needs and health requirements.
The team has prepared the necessary nutrition subjects to train and educate the people in order to maintain balanced and safe health. The topics include the below vital details:
- Food categories
Food is the most important and vital necessity of life. Our body needs the necessary food in order to function according to our daily activities. Based on the functioning, foods are classified under three categories.
- Protective foods; this category includes vitamins and minerals that protect our bodies from diseases by improving the immune system. Fruits and vegetables are the main sources of this food category that are crucial for promoting our body’s immunity and regulation. Carrots, eggplants, apricots, plums and peaches are some of the veg foods which are available in large quantities in Afghanistan and almost every household can provide them. The participant group of people will be advised to clean these types of food properly and consume them according to their body needs and requirements.
- Energetic foods; this category lipids, fats, proteins, and carbohydrates that are crucial for our body’s functioning. Rice, potato, beans, bread, butter and cereals are some energetic foods that help our body to function. This food category is largely available in Afghanistan as they are the main agricultural source of the country.
- Body building food; this category includes protein and minerals which are vital for the growth of our body. The main source of this food is meat, chicken, milk, and eggs which are easily accessible in Afghanistan. This food which is rich in calcium and protein, can help our muscles to grow, and strengthen our bones and body tissues. The country has a large number of meat legumes as a large number of agricultural production of Afghanistan is beans, peas and lentils as well as Halal slaughtering animals like sheep, cows and goats.
- Mental health
Mental challenges are among the most common health conditions in Afghanistan. As a result of decades of ongoing conflict, war and destruction, the people of Afghanistan, particularly women and children are suffering from different signs of mental health problems. The team has initiated this awareness campaign in different categories so that it can help and educate people to take care of their mental health.
Through this programme, the participants will be equipped with the knowledge and skills of practising for their mental well-being. They will learn the different techniques and skills to combat their stresses, depression, anxiety and any other forms of mental challenges.
Through the campaign, the following vital topics will be covered periodically with the targeted groups of people:
- Alerting signs of mental health problems:
- Appetite changes; eating a lot or less than the normal food intake can be a straight sign of a mental health problem
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Difficulty in communication with people.
- Lacking energy and inability to perform regular daily activities and responsibilities
- Despair and frustration
- Difficulty of concentrating
- Abnormal Confusion, anger, declivity, and fear.
- Shouting and infrequent fights with friends and families
- Mood swings and lacking
- Suggestions for improving and caring for mental health
- Having enough sleep
- Communicating with others and talking about our feelings openly
- Asking for help while in need
- Exercising regularly
- Being optimistic
- Eating healthy and regular meals
The objective of this campaign is to provide comprehensive knowledge to individuals regarding the most crucial foods and beverages that are crucial for maintaining optimal health and safety. The campaign will effectively educate the most vulnerable people on the appropriate techniques and methods for consuming these foods and drinks hygienically and safely. Moreover, it will highlight the significance of prioritizing mental health and well-being for an extended and healthier life. Through this campaign, people will acquire a deeper understanding of the vital role that nutrition, cleanliness, and mental health play in promoting overall well-being.
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